The difference between brown spots, hyperpigmentation and pigmentation.
Pigmentation, hyperpigmentation and brown skin spots are often used interchangeably, but they actually refer to different aspects of the same phenomenon: an overproduction of melanin in the skin, the pigment responsible for the color of our skin, hair and eyes. Although they are related, there are some nuances that distinguish them:
Brown skin spots
This is another term used to refer to the dark spots on the skin that occur as a result of hyperpigmentation. It is a way of describing hyperpigmentation, especially when the spots have a brown color.
Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition in which certain areas of the skin become darker than the surrounding skin due to excessive production of melanin, the pigment that determines our skin color. When the skin is exposed to factors such as sun exposure, hormonal fluctuations, skin injury or inflammation, melanin production can become disrupted, leading to the formation of dark spots on the skin.
This is a general term referring to areas on the skin where melanin levels are higher than the surrounding skin. Pigment spots can vary in color and size and include all types of spots on the skin, including hyperpigmentation and brown skin spots.
How can you prevent brown skin spots?
Although preventing hyperpigmentation is not always possible, there are some measures you can take to reduce the risk:
Protect yourself from the sun: Use a broad spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF daily to protect skin from harmful UV rays.
Wear protective clothing: Cover skin with hats and clothing to minimize sun exposure.
Avoid tanning beds: Tanning beds can also lead to hyperpigmentation and increased risk of skin cancer.
Treat skin problems: Adequately treating skin problems, such as acne, can help prevent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Be careful with cosmetic treatments: Some cosmetic treatments can irritate the skin and cause hyperpigmentation. Consult a dermatologist before trying new products or treatments.
How can you treat brown spots?
Brown spots caused by hyperpigmentation can be treated in several ways. Treatment depends on the severity of the spots and individual skin condition. Here are some common methods to treat these stains:
Topical creams: Special creams are available that contain ingredients such as hydroquinone, retinoids, vitamin C and glycolic acid. These substances can help inhibit melanin production and even out skin tone. Topical creams are usually applied daily and can gradually reduce the spots. These creams should only be used under the supervision of a physician.
Chemical peels: Chemical peels are treatments in which a chemical solution is applied to the skin to exfoliate the top layer of the skin. This stimulates the growth of new skin cells and helps to fade dark spots. Depending on the depth of the peel and the type of chemical solution, this can be a light to deeper peel.
Laser therapy: Lasers can break down targeted melanin in the skin, fading pigment spots. Different types of lasers can be used depending on the specific brown spots and skin tone of the person. These treatments are often performed by a trained dermatologist or skin therapist.
Microdermabrasion: This treatment uses controlled exfoliation to remove the top layer of the skin. It helps fade dark spots and stimulates the production of new, healthier skin cells. Microdermabrasion is usually less intense than chemical peels and lasers, making it suitable for people with sensitive skin.
Skincare: In addition to specific treatments, certain skincare products can help reduce spots. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF is essential to protect the skin from harmful UV rays, which can exacerbate hyperpigmentation. Avoiding excessive sun exposure and wearing protective clothing can also help against brown spots.
It is important to note that results of treatment vary from person to person and some forms of hyperpigmentation can be more persistent than others. It is always wise to consult a dermatologist before starting any treatment. A professional skin specialist can properly diagnose and create a treatment plan tailored to your unique skin needs to achieve the best results.
When should you consult a dermatologist for brown skin spots?
If you notice that you have spots that do not fade on their own or if you are concerned about changes in your skin, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist. A dermatologist can determine the cause of hyperpigmentation and recommend the most appropriate treatment.
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Specialization in the treatment of the face, neck, décolleté and hands at Carpe Clinic
At Carpe Clinic, we understand how frustrating and bothersome brown skin spots can be. Would you like to have these stains removed? Our experienced dermatologists are ready to create a personalized treatment plan tailored to your skin type and specific needs. With advanced technologies and effective
we can help reduce brown spots and restore your skin to an even and radiant complexion.
Carpe specializes mainly in the treatment of the face, neck, cleavage and hands. Contact us today contact us for an appointment and say hello to hyperpigmentation!